A sardonic essay in twelve short aphoristic sections, in which Schopenhauer emphasizes the differences between scholars and thinkers.
Ultimately it is only our own ideas that we can be sure to understand, and even an unoriginal conclusion reached through one’s own reasoning is more improving than a conclusion learned from a book – akin to the difference between travelling to a country and merely reading about it. Other benefits of truly independent thinking include a natural air of authority and weightless happiness; sophism cannot imitate these. Schopenhauer seems touchingly mystified that so few people ever think about ‘the problem of existence’.
Related recommendation: Kant’s ‘What is Enlightenment?’ (1784)
Themes: Independent Thinking, Anti-Academia
Genres: Aphoristic, Spiritual or Philosophical Meditation